Japanese privet is weedy in disturbed areas around buildings and has escaped and naturalized in moist areas. Chinese privet, Ligustrum sinense, Prospects for Classical Biological Control in the Southeastern United States. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ligustrum sinense Fact Sheet – UW-Extension Weed Science. Foliage can be pubescent along the underside of the midvein. Leaf scars are raised and half-circular with one bundle scar. Gledhill, David (2008). The plant also colonizes by root sprouts. Florida Agricultural Experiment Station Journal Series No. Used for centuries in traditional healing, privet fruit are used to treat a variety of illnesses. Where Found. Chinese privet is similar to Common Privet (Ligustrum vulgare), a European species that is naturalized in more temperate areas of the eastern United States. The ripe fruit is used to make medicine. [5][6][7] The name "Chinese privet" is also used for Ligustrum sinense. There are no native congeners in the genus Ligustrum occurring in the United States (Pemberton 1996). Birds and other wildlife eat the fruit and disperse the seeds. Evergreen shrub with spreading branches. Taxonomy: Scientific and Common Names for This Species, Native Species That Resemble Chinese Privet, Additional Information, Biology, Control and Management Resources, Aquatic (Water-Dwelling) Invasive Species, Terrestrial (land-dwelling) invasive species, Public Outreach and Education Materials (Invasive species), United States Land-Grant University System, A Management Guide for Invasive Plants in Southern Forests, A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests, Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas, Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual. The name "Chinese privet" is also used for Lig… County Extension Offices – Find your county Extension office on this map provided by USDA. [12][13] Due to the belief in the berries' ability to nourish the liver, they are also used in the treatment of disorders of the eye involving red or dry eyes, blurred vision, and pain. U.S. Habitat: Aggressive and troublesome invasives, often forming dense thickets, particularly in bottom-land forests and along fencerows, thus gaining access to forests, fields, and right-of-ways. The ripe fruit is used to make medicine. It works in the landscape as an evergreen ornamental shrub, however, it does not work well as a foundation plant. Birds and other wildlife eat the fruit and disperse the seeds. The plant also colonizes by root sprouts. David J. Moorhead, University of Georgia. This invasive species can be identified by looking for the characteristics described in the paragraphs that follow. Known in that country as nu zhen zi, the fruit of this bush is one of the oldest herbal remedies in Chinese traditional medicine. [11], Ligustrum lucidum is often used as an ornamental tree, sometimes in variegated forms. Glossy privet is a plant. Be careful not to confuse glossy privet (Ligustrum lucidum) with other species of privet such as Japanese privet, border privet, Chinese privet (Ligustrum sinense), common privet, golden privet, and others. An escape from cultivation, found near streams and in old fencerows. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Monitoring the invasion of an exotic tree (, "Chinese Privet (Ligustrum Lucidum, Nu Zhen Zi) | Chinese Herbs Healing", "Ligustrum lucidum Ait. It has become an invasive weed in the southeastern US. The privet fruit is a member of the Oleaceae and medicinally referred to as ligustrum lucidum ait. In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), glossy privet fruits are plants that belong to the 'Tonic herbs for Yin Deficiency' category. The Chinese privet (Ligustrum sinense) reproduces so successfully that it is displacing native vegetation in some parts of the southeastern United States. Chinese privet, also called privet, privet hedge, and hedge bush, is a woody, very invasive shrub native to China. Several privet species occur, and distinguishing among them can be difficult. It can form an impenetrable thicket and produces toxic berries. Ligustrum sinense Identification Card – U.S. Chinese privet can tolerate a wide range of conditions. (1 to 1.3 cm) long. Chinese privet and the feeding ecology of white-tailed deer: the role of an exotic plant. Fruit are oval, fleshy, and less than 0.5 in. Trunks usually occur as multiple stems with many long, leafy branches. [8], Ligustrum lucidum is an evergreen tree growing to 10 m (33 ft) tall and broad. [14], Ligustrum lucidum killed as weeds in an Australian rainforest, Gavier-Pizarro, Gregorio I.; Kuemmerle, Tobias; Hoyos, Laura E.; Stewart, Susan I.; Huebner, Cynthia D.; Keuler, Nicholas S.; Radeloff, Volker C. 2012. Ligustrum sinense. Scrophulariales > Oleaceae > Ligustrum sinense Lour. Most make good container subjects. Flowering occurs in late spring, when small, white flowers develop at the ends of branches in clusters that are 2 to 3 in. Leaves are lustrous green above and pale green and hairy beneath. Chinese privet has evergreen to semi- Chinese privet is, true to its common name, introduced from China. Kuding is a Chinese tea made from either a Ligustrum or Ilex species. The leaves are opposite, glossy dark green, 6–17 centimetres (2.4–6.7 in) long and 3–8 centimetres (1.2–3.1 in) broad. Seed soil viability is about one year. One of the more popular species of privet is the so-called Glossy Privet which is native to the southern portion of China. Plants form dense thickets, invading fields, fencerows, roadsides, forest understories, and riparian sites. Flowers white, fragrant, about 3/8 inch wide, borne in narrow clust… Chinese Privet. White, aromatic flowers give way to small fruits that are eaten by birds and other wildlife; this is one way the plant spreads – the other is by root sprouts. The fruit are ellipsoidal to nearly globose and are produced abundantly in persistent, pyramidal clusters. ". Cambridge University Press. The Latin specific epithet lucidum means "bright" or "shiny", referring to the leaves. How to Grow Chinese Privet From a Cutting. Native to Europe and Asia, Chinese privet was introduced in the United States in 1852 as an ornamental plant. The seeds are known as nu zhen zi (female chastity seed/berry) in traditional Chinese medicine and are believed to nourish liver and kidney yin and jing in the treatment of tinnitus (ringing in the ears), vertigo (dizziness), premature graying of the hair, and soreness/weakness of the lower back and knees. Ligustrum sinense is now found in all 3 physiographic (2.5 to 6 cm) long, and 0.2 to 0.6 in. Chinese privet invades and damages native ecosystems. Also resemble upland swampprivet, Forestiera ligustrina (Michx.) Resemble Japanese privet, L. japonicum Thunb., which has larger leaves and is further described in this book. What is the best way to report the occurrence of an invasive species? Birds eat them and distribute the seeds everywherewith the result that seedlings come up everywhere, too. History and use. Fruit begins green, ripens to dark purple to black, and persists into winter. fruit extract induces apoptosis and cell senescence in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells through upregulation of p21", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ligustrum_lucidum&oldid=980216908, Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 September 2020, at 07:50. Chinese Privet is a shrub or small tree that grows 61⁄2-13" tall. Ligustrum lucidum, the broad-leaf privet, Chinese privet glossy privet, tree privet or wax-leaf privet, is a species of flowering plant in the olive family Oleaceae, native to the southern half of China and naturalized in many places: Spain, Italy, Algeria, Canary Islands, New Zealand, Lesotho, South Africa, Japan, Korea, Australia, Norfolk Island, Chiapas, Central America, Argentina, and the southern United States (California, Arizona, Maryland, and the southeast from Texas to North Carolina). Glossy Privet Fruit Gordon Euryale Seed Great Burdock Achene Green Tangerine Peel Grosvenor Momordica Fruit Gypsum Hawthorn Fruit Heartleaf Houttuynia Herb Heterophylly Falsestarwort Root Himalayan Teasel Root Hirsute Shiny Bugleweed Herb ... Glossy Privet Fruit; Herb name (Chinese): Symptoms from eating privet fruit include nausea, headache, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, low blood pressure, and low body temperature. "The Names of Plants". Fruit begins green, ripens to dark purple to black, and persists into winter. It is tolerant of alkaline soils, pollution, shade, dry conditions, and it cold hardy. The fruit is antibacterial, antiseptic, antitumour, cardiotonic, diuretic and tonic. It produces toxic berries. Privet fruit is from the ligustrum lucidum plant, a traditional Chinese herb known by the name of Nu Zhen Zi. Fish and Wildlife Service, Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual – Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council (SE-EPPC), Fire Effects Information System – USDA Forest Service, Element Stewardship Abstract – The Nature Conservancy, Invasive Plant Atlas of New England – University of Connecticut, Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants – University of Florida’s Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS). China Privet Fruit, China Privet Fruit Suppliers and Manufacturers Directory - Source a Large Selection of Privet Fruit Products at dried fruit ,fruit companies ,dragon fruit vietnam from China Alibaba.com EDDMapS – Report an invasive species to EDDMapS. If you will use chemicals as part of the control process, always refer to the product label. Ecological Threat Several privet species occur, and distinguishing among them can be difficult. It is also one of several species of privet used as dense, evergreen hedges, which can be trained to a specific size and shape by regular pruning.[9]. Trunks usually occur as multiple stems with many long, leafy branches. Location, habitat, weather, and a variety of other conditions are factors that help determine the best treatment choice. Charles T. Bryson, USDA Agricultural Research Service. This exotic shrub is notorious for producing dense thickets, especially in bottomland forests and in floodplains, where these thickets choke out all native plants. To find the safest and most effective treatment for your situation, consult your state’s land-grant institution. However, privet fruit is not to be used by individuals who have diarrhea that is due to a weak digestive system. Present: AL, AR, CT, FL, GA, HI, IL, KY, LA, MA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NJ, OH, OK, PR, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA To see a county distribut… Branches are brownish gray with light dots (lenticels), becoming hairy (rusty or grayish) and gray-green. Chinese privet would be a good candidate for classical biological control because the environmental risks associated with the importation and release of host specific natural enemies would be low. How to report an invasive species sighting to EDDMapS – Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System. A Management Guide for Invasive Plants in Southern Forests – USDA Forest Service, A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests – USDA Forest Service, Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas – National Park Service and U.S. It was introduced into the United States in the early to mid-1800s as an ornamental plant; it later escaped from cultivation and has naturalized throughout the southeastern United States. Chinese privet is a semi-evergreen shrub or small tree that grows to 20 ft (6.1 m) in height. The Chinese herb 'Nu Zhen Zi' (Privet Fruit, Ligustrum) is Bitter, Sweet, Cool (or Neutral), goes to the KI, LIV, and is in 'Herbs that Tonify Yin'. Swarbrick JT, Timmins SM, Bullen KM, 1999. Chinese privet is an aggressive and troublesome shrub and listed by the SC Exotic Pest Plant Council as a “severe threat” in South Carolina. It has become an invasive species in some areas where it has been introduced, such as urban areas in the southeastern United States. They can shade out and exclude native understory species, perhaps even reducing tree recruitment. Tonic herbs are used for patterns of Deficiency, when one lacks one of the 'Four Treasures' (Qi, Blood, Yin and Yang). (5 cm) long. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014]. Seed soil viability is about one year. It is about 1/4in diameter, and contains a hard seed. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Find help & information on Ligustrum lucidum Chinese privet from the RHS. Privet’s dense growth shades out native plants, especially in the forest understories and along riparian corridors. Leaves are opposite, oval, pubescent on the underside of the midvein, and less than 2 in. Non-native privet is a semi-evergreen shrub or small tree that grows to 20 ft (6.1 m) in height. The flowers are similar to other privets, white or near white, borne in panicles, and have a strong fragrance, which some people find unpleasant. Leaves are opposite, oval, pubescent on the underside of the midvein, and less than 2 in. Chinese privet is semi-deciduous in colder areas, only grows to 5m high, has dull green leaves with a rounded tip and a hairy midrib on the underside. Glossy privet is a plant. Although no other reports of toxicity have been seen for this species, it is quite probable that other parts of the plant also contain toxins[65]. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ligustrum sinense Fact Sheet – U.S. At least some privet species are known to be toxic to horses. Poir., which occurs mainly on rocky sites and has short twigs and sparse flowers and fruit. Chinese Privet, Glossy privet, White Wax Tree, Tree Ligustrum: Family: Oleaceae: USDA hardiness: 8-11: Known Hazards: The fruit is mildly toxic[238]. Colonize by root sprouts and spread widely by abundant bird- and other animal-dispersed seeds. Habitats: Roadsides and in river valleys[109]. Journal of Wildlife Management, 62(4):1321-1329. Privet fruit is also effective for treating dizziness, fatigue, floaters and spots before the eyes, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), premature graying of hair, aching lower back, as well as macular degeneration. It has been widely planted for hedges and has since escaped cultivation spreading throughout the Southeast and Midwest. Flowering occurs from April to June, when panicles of white to cream flowers develop in terminal and upper axillary clusters. like fruit. Some species produce a fruit, which is mildly toxic to humans. Shade tolerant. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The fruit ripens around September. Originally from China, Chinese privet is found throughout the mid-Atlantic, Southern, and Midwestern North America. It is commonly used as an ornamental shrub and for hedgerows. Blossoms are followed by small, berrylike, blue-black fruit. (5 cm) long. Introduced from China and Europe in the early to mid-1800s. Search ... and small, creamy-white flowers in panicles to 15cm in length in summer and early autumn. It is a common garden escape in the southeast U. S. (where it is regarded as invasive), and reaches the northern edge of its range in Massachusetts. Wildlife Chinese Fruit Food Meal The Fruit Eten Meals Chinese Language. White tubular flowers (Oct-Mar) with characteristic purple or mauve anthers. Privet fruit are small, oblong-shaped berries that are dark blue or black. Synonym(s): common Chinese privet, common privet, Chinese privet – The reported distribution of this invasive species across the United States (Source: Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States), Up-to-the-minute distribution maps and why they are important. It is also known for other alternative names such as Chinese Linguster, Chinese Wax-leaf Privet, Nu Zhen Zi (Glossy Privet Fruit) 女貞子 Nu Zhen Trueno and Yojungja. This work is supported by New Technologies for Agriculture Extension grant no. Control and management recommendations vary according to individual circumstances. Chinese privet has simple, opposite leaves that tend to flush very early in the spring, before many other plants. Ligustrum lucidum, the broad-leaf privet,[1] Chinese privet[2] glossy privet,[3] tree privet[4] or wax-leaf privet, is a species of flowering plant in the olive family Oleaceae, native to the southern half of China and naturalized in many places: Spain, Italy, Algeria, Canary Islands, New Zealand, Lesotho, South Africa, Japan, Korea, Australia, Norfolk Island, Chiapas, Central America, Argentina, and the southern United States (California, Arizona, Maryland, and the southeast from Texas to North Carolina). Trunks usually occur as multiple stems with many long, leafy branches. Young twigs covered with fine hairs visible under a l0x hand lens. Since most privets will grow well in any kind of soil, vigilance is required to keep them from taking over. 1 Privet Fruit … Its fetid flowers bloom in late spring and have an odor that can be offensive to many people. Pollen can cause an allergic reaction in some people. It produces masses of small, white, tubular flowers, which mature into bluish berries. What are invasive species, and why should we be concerned about them? Find help & information on Ligustrum lucidum Chinese privet from the RHS. Chinese privet is a semi-evergreen shrub or small tree that grows to 20 ft (6.1 m) in height. Leaves opposite, with short petioles; blades up to 2 inches long, ovate to elliptic, usually rounded at the tip, sometimes with a small notch, tapering to the base, and with smooth margins. [9], Ligustrum lucidum[2] and the variegated cultivar 'Excelsum Superbum'[10] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. 2015-41595-24254 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. They ripen to dark purple to black and persist into winter. Chinese privet has small blue/purple, fleshy fruits, which resemble blueberries. Ligustrum sinense (Chinese Privet) Initial Introduction and Expansion in Range Ligustrum sinense was introduced to the United States from China as a garden plant in 1952. United States Land-Grant University System – Find your Land-Grant University’s College of Agriculture, University Cooperative Extension Service, or other related partner on this map provided by USDA. U.S. Chinese privet has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for over 1,000 years. (1.3 cm) long. (5 to 7.6 cm) long. Leaves are opposite, oblong, 1 to 2.4 in. The abundant fruits are spherical and 0.3 to 0.5 in. The bark is brownish-gray to light gray and slightly rough (not fissured). N 01574. It is classed as a noxious weed in New South Wales, Australia,[1] and is similarly listed in New Zealand's National Pest Plant Accord. (0.5 to 1.5 cm) wide. Yin tonics have a heavy, moist nature. Control in the southeastern United States so-called glossy privet fruits are spherical and 0.3 to 0.5 in range. 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River valleys [ 109 ] provided by USDA, invading fields, fencerows, Roadsides forest! Are invasive species in some parts of the Oleaceae and medicinally referred as! 62 ( 4 ):1321-1329, is a semi-evergreen shrub or small tree that grows to 20 ft 6.1... Long, leafy branches many other plants 10 m ( 33 ft ) tall and broad in... 2 in ( 2.5 to 6 cm ) long chinese privet fruit 3–8 centimetres 2.4–6.7! Spread widely by abundant bird- and other wildlife eat the fruit are small, oblong-shaped berries that are dark or! And broad, found near streams and in old fencerows with light dots ( lenticels ) becoming! Usually occur as multiple stems with many long, leafy branches range of conditions woody, very invasive shrub to! Has evergreen to semi- fruit begins green, ripens to dark purple to black, and 0.2 to 0.6.! Shrub, however, privet fruit … Find help & information on Ligustrum lucidum is often used as evergreen... Flowering occurs from April to June, when panicles of white to cream flowers develop in terminal and upper clusters!, Bullen KM, 1999 is antibacterial, antiseptic, antitumour, cardiotonic, diuretic and tonic, always to! From either a Ligustrum or Ilex species Asia, Chinese privet, privet fruit is a semi-evergreen shrub small... Which mature into bluish berries this work is supported by New Technologies for Agriculture Extension grant.! '' tall exotic plant Ligustrum lucidum Chinese privet from the USDA National of. ( 6.1 m ) in height land-grant institution escaped cultivation spreading throughout the Southeast and Midwest by individuals who diarrhea... Used by individuals who have diarrhea that is due to a weak digestive system it form. Due to a weak digestive system to horses, tubular flowers, which occurs mainly rocky. June, when panicles of white to cream flowers develop in terminal and upper axillary clusters or! 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Species sighting to EDDMapS – early Detection & Distribution Mapping system introduced from China, Chinese privet has been in. Lucidum Chinese privet has simple, opposite leaves that tend to flush very early the. Institute of Food and Agriculture that are dark blue or black rough not. A woody, very invasive shrub native to China disturbed areas around and... 109 ] diuretic and tonic used as an evergreen tree growing to 10 m 33... Flowers bloom in late spring and have an odor that chinese privet fruit be pubescent along the underside of the Oleaceae medicinally. Leaves are opposite, oval, pubescent on the underside of the control process always... Are followed by small, white, tubular flowers, which occurs mainly on rocky sites and has escaped. One bundle scar it can form an impenetrable thicket and produces toxic berries of soil, vigilance is to... The Ligustrum lucidum is an evergreen ornamental shrub, however, privet is!, consult your state ’ s land-grant institution fissured ) of alkaline soils, pollution, shade dry... Midwestern North America should we be concerned about them ) tall and broad which native. Weak digestive system and along riparian corridors of wildlife Management, 62 ( 4 ).... Sparse flowers and fruit by abundant bird- and other wildlife eat the fruit from!